7-8 April 2011: International Workshop on “RD&D Needs to Enhance the Role of Nuclear Energy In Meeting Climate and Energy Challenges”

7-8 April 2011: International Workshop on “RD&D needs to enhance the role of nuclear power in meeting future climate and energy challenges”

Organized by International Center for Climate Governance, the ICARUS project, the Science Technology and Public Policy Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard University Kennedy School, in collaboration with the Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change.

Read the report of the workshop

Background and Objectives

The future role of nuclear energy is a key factor in determining a long-term energy strategy to cope with the challenges ahead: a growing planet with a growing thirst for energy; the need to provide the access to modern sources of energy for the poor; the need to assure energy security and availability at reasonable costs; the threat of climate change, which calls for a drastic shift from current energy generation technologies; and the myriad other local, regional, and global environmental impacts of energy use and production.

To play a major role in meeting these intertwined energy challenges, nuclear energy would have to grow dramatically, requiring strong support from governments, utilities, and publics around the world. Achieving that support is likely to require improved economics and major progress toward resolving issues of nuclear safety, nuclear security, proliferation-resistance, and nuclear waste management. To sustain a much larger nuclear enterprise for many decades also raises the question of uranium availability and options for extending fuel resources.

The objective of the Workshop is to present the main results of an expert elicitation survey that was conducted both in the United States and in the European Union during the summer-fall of 2010 to a set of worldwide known experts and to enable a discussion. The focus of the survey is the role of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) in addressing the major problems of nuclear fission. After a presentation of the survey results, participants will discuss both areas of agreement and areas of disagreement, in an effort to understand where there is consensus and where the most important disputes and uncertainties lie.

The Workshop will also include a discussion of the factors that are likely to shape the diffusion of nuclear energy technologies and that are not (or are just partly) related to technological factors. This topic is also covered by the survey and will be the focus of the second day of the workshop.

Agenda [pdf] – Download all the workshop’s materials [zip – 3.5MB]

First Day

9:00 – 9.30       Registration

9:30 – 10:00      Welcome Address and Introductions
FEEM and Harvard teams

10:00 – 13:00 MORNING SESSION
Chair: Matthew Bunn, Harvard Kennedy School, US

10:00 – 11:00     Impact of recent events in Japan on the future of nuclear power

11:00 – 11:30     Coffee break

11:30 – 12:15    Thermal  reactors: costs, performance, RD&D needs
Presentation of elicitation results

12:15 – 13:00    Fast reactors: costs, performance, RD&D needs
Presentation of elicitation results

13:00 – 14:00     Lunch


Chair: Valentina Bosetti, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Italy
14:00 – 14:45    Small factory-built reactors: costs, performance, RD&D needs
Presentation of elicitation results

14:45 – 15:30     Fuel cycle: costs, performance, RD&D
Presentation of elicitation results

15:30 – 16:00    Coffee break

16:00 – 16:45    Priorities for international cooperation on nuclear technology development
Presentation of elicitation results

16:45 – 17:15     Conclusions of the first day

20:00                Social dinner at “Fiaschetteria Toscana” Restaurant

Second Day
9:00 – 13:00 MORNING SESSION
Chair:  Laura Diaz Anadon, Harvard Kennedy School, US

9:00 – 9:30        Summary of conclusions of first day on nuclear RD&D

9:30 – 10:15       Financial barriers and other factors (proliferation, waste management, public perception) affecting the growth of nuclear power
Presentation of elicitation results

10:15 – 10:45    Coffee break

10:45 – 11:30     Diffusion scenarios
Presentation of elicitation and modeling results

11:30 – 13:00     Concluding Discussion: Summary of key conclusions and of areas for future research

13:00 – 14:00     Lunch

Workshop Secretariat

Ms. Ughetta Molin Fop
Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei
Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore
I-30124 Venice
Tel: +39 041 2700444
Fax: +39 041 2700413
E-mail: ughetta.molin@feem.it

Speaker Profiles

Joonhong Ahn
Joonhong Ahn, US

Professor, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California – Berkeley

Professor Ahn teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in radioactive waste management at the Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California – Berkeley. He also teaches the Nuclear Design course for undergraduates. Professor Ahn received his B.S., M.S. and D.Eng, from the University of Tokyo, and his Phd at the University of California, Berkeley, all in Nuclear Engineering. His research interests involve mathematical analyses of radionuclide transport in heterogeneous geologic formations and of radionuclide release from man-made waste disposal systems. He is also interested in integrating these into an overall performance assessment model, and analyzing the nature of uncertainty incorporated in long-term assessments for radioactive waste disposal. Professor Ahn served as a member of the Planning Committee for the Atomic Energy Society of Japan (1992-1995). He served as the Editor for Radioactive Waste Research (1994-1996), a journal of the Division of Radioactive Waste Management, Atomic Energy Society of Japan. He served as a member of the committees of Technical Journals (TJC) and is currently the chair of Book Publishing Committee (BPC) of the American Nuclear Society (since June, 2007). Since 2008, he is a member of the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board of National Academies of Sciences, the United States. He served as a member for the Committee on Waste Forms Technology and Performance, the National Academies since July 2009.

Fosco BianchiFosco Bianchi, Italy

ENEA, Italian National agency for new technologies, Energy and sustainable economic development;

Dr. Bianchi holds a degree in Nuclear Engineering at the University of Pisa, with a thesis on Fuel assembly vibration, and a master in Nuclear Engineering at University of Pisa, with a thesis on hydrogen production, release and transport inside the BWR containment. Dr. Bianchi is researcher at the University of Pisa (1975-76) and in ENEA since 1978. Expertise on: safety analysis, system analysis, licensing and commissioning. Main activities: licensing of PEC (Italian Fuel Element Testing sodium-cooled) and CIRENE (Italian HWR) reactors; safety analysis, system analysis and commissioning of sodium-cooled reactors (SPX1 and PEC) and thermal reactors (IRIS); R&D activities in support to the certification of AP600, SBWR and IRIS. Main ENEA’s responsibilities: Head of the Commissioning Laboratory of the Safety and Operation Division of PEC Department, (1983-1990); Head of Nuclear Processes, Dynamics and Control Division of Energy Department Nuclear Fission Branch, (1994-1997); Head of Energy Systems of Energy Department Sustainable Energy System Division, (1998-2001); Scientific responsible of development of SMR in the frame of the agreement between ENEA and Ministry of Economic Development; Italian representative to Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installation of NEA-OECD and Technical Working Group – Light Water Reactors of IAEA.

Valentina BosettiValentina Bosetti, Italy

Principal investigator ERC funded ICARUS project, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

Valentina Bosetti holds a PhD in Computational Mathematics and Operation Research from the Università Statale of Milan and a Master Degree in Environmental and Resources Economics from University College of London. At FEEM since 2003, she works as a modeler for the Sustainable Development Programme and as Climate Change topic leader, coordinating a research group on numerical analysis of carbon mitigation options and policies. She has published several papers in the field of economics of climate change policy, including some linking forest management to the climate change policies. Valentina is currently a visiting fellow at the Princeton Environmental Institute, USA.

Matthew BunnMatthew Bunn, US

Associate Professor of Public Policy; Co-Principal Investigator, Project on Managing the Atom; Co-Principal Investigator, Energy Research, Development, Demonstration and Deployment Policy Project, Harvard Kennedy School

Matthew Bunn is an Associate Professor at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. His research interests include nuclear theft and terrorism; nuclear proliferation and measures to control it; the future of nuclear energy and its fuel cycle; and policies to promote innovation in energy technologies. Before coming to Harvard, Bunn served as an adviser to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, as a study director at the National Academy of Sciences, and as editor of Arms Control Today. He is the author or co-author of some 20 books or major technical reports, and over a hundred articles in publications ranging from Science to The Washington Post. He is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a recipient of the American Physical Society’s Joseph A. Burton Forum Award for “outstanding contributions in helping to formulate policies to decrease the risks of theft of nuclear weapons and nuclear materials”; and the recipient of the Hans A. Bethe Award from the Federation of American Scientists for “science in service to a more secure world.”

Michela CatenacciMichela Catenacci, Italy

Researcher ICARUS project, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

Michela Catenacci holds a PhD in Analysis and Governance of Sustainable Development at the Venice School for Advanced Studies (SSAV). The principal subjects covered in the dissertation are: adaptation to the impacts of sea level rise, decision making under uncertainty, Bayesian network approach, expert judgment elicitation. During her PhD, the carried out research activities at the Nicholas School of the Environment of the Duke University (NC, USA). Since 2004, she works as a researcher for Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), undertaking research activities on climate change mitigation and adaptation policy; use and implementation of the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol; participatory approaches; decision support systems. She worked for the Regional Agency for the Protection of the Environment (ARPA Lombardia), involved in a EU project for the simulation of the emission trading market at the regional level.

Laura Diaz AnadonLaura Diaz Anadon, US

Director, Energy Technology Innovation Policy Research Group and Associate Director, Science Technology and Public Policy Program, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Laura Diaz Anadon is the associate director of the Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program; Director of the Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group; and project manager of the Energy Research, Development, Demonstration & Deployment (ERD3) Policy Project. Laura’s main research areas include: the consideration of technical, market, and other uncertainties to aid decisions about investments in innovation; obtaining an improved understanding of private sector-funded energy innovation and the role of public policy in promoting it in the United States; analyzing the structure and management of innovation institutions; and undertaking system level analysis of the energy-water nexus to produce insights to allow a more integrated planning of water and energy systems. More broadly, she is interested in the intersection between science, technology, and environmental policy. In addition to her work on systems analysis in energy and technology policy, Laura has published in chemical engineering and nuclear magnetic resonance journals, carried out process engineering research projects at DuPont and Bayer Pharmaceuticals, collaborated extensively with Johnson Matthey Catalysts, and worked as a financial consultant for banks on credit risk models for financing technology projects. Laura holds a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the Magnetic Resonance and Catalysis Group at the University of Cambridge (UK), a Master in Public Policy from the Harvard Kennedy School, and a Master in Chemical Engineering from the University of Manchester (UK). She has also studied and worked on research at the University of Stuttgart (Germany).

Allan DuncanAllan Duncan, UK

Independent consultant

Allan Duncan is retired from UK Government service but continues to advise on the waste implications of nuclear plant decommissioning and on nuclear waste management and disposal. After a Doctorate from Oxford University and three years working in the US he spent ten years with the UK Atomic Energy Authority on nuclear chemical engineering projects including spent fuel reprocessing and fast reactor cooling systems and was project manager for the UK element of the European high level waste disposal project. The rest of his career was as a UK Government regulator concerned originally with the waste management implications of nuclear plant and with control of radioactive substances. Latterly he was Director of HM Inspectorate of Pollution responsible for environmental regulation of major industrial processes including the nuclear industry. He is a Chartered Environmentalist and a member of the Euratom Scientific and Technical Committee.

Dominique FinonDominique Finon, France

Senior Research Fellow in Economics of the French National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS)

Finon is a CNRS Senior Research Fellow in CIRED (Centre International de Recherche sur l’Environnement et le Développement), a joint institute of CNRS and Ponts ParisTech. He managed between 2006 a joint research institute between CNRS, EDF R&D division, Parissud University and Polytechnique on the economics of liberalised energy networks and of public policies. Before he headed the Institut d’Economie et de Politique de l’Energie (IEPECNRS) in Grenoble University from 1990 to 2002 and then deputy director of the Energy Programme of the CNRS in Paris up to 2006. D. Finon’s research was successively focused on energy modelling, nuclear energy, RD and innovation policies in the energy sector, market reforms of electricity and gas industries and the policies of promotion of renewables and energy efficiency. Mr. Finon published numerous academic papers in different journals such as Industry and Innovation, Ecological Economics, Energy Policy, Energy Journal, Energy Studies Review, etc.. He also published (and is publishing) as editors several books. His researches on nuclear economics and policy were successively on the economics of nuclear generation, the political economy of fast breeders program in the eighties, on the coevolution of institutions and technology in the nineties and in the 2000s on the industrial and financial arrangements for new nuclear investment in liberalized electricity.

Kevin HeskethKevin Hesketh, UK

Senior Fellow in Nuclear Systems Analysis of the National Nuclear Laboratory’s (NNL)

Kevis Hesketh present position is that of Senior Research Fellow with National Nuclear Laboratory. His areas of expertise are reactor physics and fuel cycle technology. He graduated in physics from Manchester University in 1975. His career in the nuclear industry started in 1975, when he joined the Theory Division of UKAEA at Culham, working on magnetic confinement fusion. In 1980 he left to join BNFL where he remained until the formation of National Nuclear Laboratory. During his career with BNFL he have worked on various reactor systems, including LWRs, HTRs and fast reactors and also spent time overseas with Westinghouse doing nuclear design work for US PWRs. Kevis Hesketh is involved with many international organisations, especially IAEA and OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and is presently the UK representative on the OECD/NEA Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) and chairman of the NSC Working Group on Reactor Systems. He is a Chartered Physicist and is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics.

Christian KirchsteigerChristian Kirchsteiger, Luxembourg

Nuclear Development & Economics Research responsible at the EC’s DG Energy for the technical aspects of new nuclear investment notifications and for the economics of nuclear

Dr. Christian Kirchsteiger holds a PhD in Physics from the Technical University of Vienna and was, before joining the European Commission, working in the last 20 years in industry and research in Germany, Japan and South Africa in the areas of nuclear safety, risk assessment and energy systems modelling. From 1996-2002 he was working at the European Commission’s Directorate- General Joint Research Centre (DG JRC) in Ispra/Italy, dealing with chemical and nuclear risk assessment projects in support of Commission policy services. From 2002-2006, he was head of sector on comparative risk and availability assessment of nuclear and non-nuclear energy systems at the DG JRC’s Institute for Energy in Petten/Netherlands. In March 2007, he joined the European Commission’s Directorate-General on Transport and Energy (DG TREN) in Luxembourg and is now responsible for the horizontal and economical aspects of nuclear energy.

Andrew KleinAndrew Klein, US

Professor at the Oregon State University

Andrew C. Klein is a professor of nuclear engineering and radiation health physics at Oregon State University. Klein was loaned to the Idaho National Laboratory from 2005 to 2009 as director of educational partnerships and has served as department head, radiation center director, and Oregon Space Grant director at OSU. Klein received his B.S. from Pennsylvania State University and his M.S. and Ph.D., all in nuclear engineering, from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His research interests focus primarily on the utilization of advanced nuclear energy systems, including space and fusion. Klein is a registered professional engineer (nuclear) and has served on the board of directors of the American Nuclear Society, the Department of Energy’s Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee, NASA’s Space Science Advisory Committee, and ABET Inc.’s Engineering Accreditation Commission. He is currently a member of the National Nuclear Accrediting Board.

Audrey LeeAudrey Lee, US

Research Fellow, Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group at the Harvard Kennedy School and economist at the Office of Policy and International Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy

Audrey Lee is an Energy Research, Development, Demonstration & Deployment (ERD3) Policy project research fellow and an economist in the Office of Policy and International Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy. Her work focuses on economic and policy analysis of energy and climate change policies, using a variety of models and covering an extensive array of technologies. Recent work has involved analysis of cap-and-trade policies and clean electricity standards to mitigate climate change, as well as global biofuels supply under the U.S. renewable fuel standard. In 2007, Audrey wrote sections of the World Energy Outlook: China and India Insights at the International Energy Agency. Her work there included modeling energy use in the Chinese industrial sector and coastal provinces and the energy embodied in China’s exports. Audrey joined the Department of Energy as a Presidential Management Fellow in 2005. Her experience also includes internships at the Federation of American Scientists and Intel Corporation. Audrey earned a B.S. in applied physics from the California Institute of Technology and a M.A. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Princeton University.

William NuttallWilliam Nuttall, UK

Senior Lecturer in Technology Policy and Assistant Director of the Electricity Policy Research Group, University of Cambridge

William Nuttall is Director of the MoTI Programme, Assistant Director of the ESRC Electricity Policy Research Group, Senior Lecturer in Technology Policy and Fellow of Hughes Hall at the University of Cambridge. William Nuttall’s research centres upon issues concerning energy technologies and public policy. A major area of activity relates to nuclear energy, the nuclear fuel cycle and possibilities for advanced nuclear energy technologies. He teaches on the Technology Policy MPhil and was its founding Director (2002-2006). He has much experience of the use of electronic teaching resources, in class role-play simulation and field trips in support of post-graduate teaching. Dr Nuttall is involved in several University-based projects. He is an Assistant Director of the Electricity Policy Research Group serves on a University working group tasked with developing nuclear energy related activities at the University. Dr Nuttall collaborates with Dr Geoff Parks in the Engineering Department on prospects for advanced nuclear energy systems. In a related personal capacity he also is Treasurer of the Thorium Energy Amplifier Association. Dr Nuttall is Treasurer of the Institute of Physics Group in Nonlinear and Complex Physics and is regional higher education observer on the Board of the East of England Energy Group. He is a member of the editorial board of Innovations, a journal from MIT Press and a member of the International Organizing Committee of the International Conferences on Technology Policy and Innovation. An experienced commentator on energy issues, he has spoken at the request of the European Commission, the UK government, the UK parliament and various news media (print, broadcast and online).

Enn RealoEnn Realo, Estonia

Senior Scientist at the Institute of Physics of the University of Tartu

VSenior scientist of the Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, and advisor of the Radiation Safety Department, Environmental Board, Estonia. He obtained diploma (MSc in 1963) and PhD (1974) in physics from University of Tartu. In 1962 he joined the Institute of Physics as a researcher and became head of laboratory on nuclear spectrometry (1992-2004). Since 1993 he teaches environmental radioactivity and radiation protection. Research and publications on Mössbauer spectrometry, incl. fast transient phenomena of Mössbauer radiation, gamma spectrometry of environmental samples, distribution and migration of radionuclides in the environment, radiological impact assessment. He has been a member of the Estonian Governmental Commission on the former USSR military nuclear reactors at Paldiski (1993-5), an advisor for the Baltic Advising Committee on the Ignalina NPP feasibility study (2006-7), a member of the EURATOM Consultative Committees CCE-Fission and CCE-Fusion (2003-5). Since 2005 he is a member of the EURATOM Scientific and Technical Committee (STC).

Pradip SahaPradip Saha, US

Principal Engineer – Thermal –Hydraulic Methods, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy

Dr. Saha received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA in 1974. Since then he has been active in research and development of thermal hydraulics and safety of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR), Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR), Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR), Supercritical Water-cooled Reactor (SCWR), Gas-cooled Reactor (GCR) and Sodiumcooled Fast Reactor (SFR). His major accomplishments have been in the areas of nonequilibrium two-phase flow, flow instability at subcritical and supercritical pressures, mixed convection heat transfer, safety analysis code development and assessment, scaling methodology, and development of operating domain for natural circulation BWR such as ESBWR. Besides his present affiliation with GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy, Dr. Saha also worked at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2003 – 05), Flotherm Consultants Private Limited in India (1986 – 2002) as the Founder and Managing Director, Brookhaven National Laboratory (1976 – 85) and General Electric Company (1974 –76). Dr. Saha has authored or co-authored more than 125 technical papers and reports. He is a Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

David ShropshireDavid Shropshire, The Netherlands

Currently on a two year assignment at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre in Petten Netherlands

Mr. Shropshire is currently on a two year assignment at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Petten Netherlands. At the JRC, he is supporting several techno-economic studies on Small and Medium-sized reactors (SMRs), nuclear cogeneration, nuclear-hybrid systems, fast neutron reactors, and advanced nuclear fuel cycles. Previously he worked for 20 years at the Idaho National Laboratory where he supported economic and systems analysis studies on the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative and the GenIV Program. He has published numerous reports and papers on the economics of nuclear energy and nuclear waste management. He is a registered Professional Engineer and was the 2009/2010 Chair of the Idaho Section of ANS.

Craig SmithCraig Smith, US

Professor of Physics at the Naval Postgraduate School; Lawrence Livermore National Nuclear Laboratory (retired)

Prof. Smith is a nuclear scientist/engineer with research interests in the nuclear, environmental, defense and information sciences. He is currently serving as Research Professor of Physics at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School. Research focus includes small nuclear energy systems; nuclear non-proliferation; counterterrorism technology; energy science; radiation detection; and information technology. He is a research collaborator for several international projects, including those in Europe and the former Soviet Union. He supports advanced fast reactor programs and serves as the US representative to an international committee of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF). He co-authored several books on topics related to advanced technology including The Intelligent Wireless Web (Addison-Wesley, 2002), Developing Semantic Web Services (A. K. Peters, 2004) and Connections: Patterns of Discovery (John Wiley and Sons, 2008). Prof. Smith has a PhD in Nuclear Science and Engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

Finis SouthworthFinis Southworth, US

CTO, Areva NP Inc.

Dr. Finis H. Southworth is the Chief Technology Officer, AREVA NP Inc. located in Lynchburg, VA. He will talk about the current state of new nuclear construction and research and progress toward advanced Generation IV reactors that will produce both electricity and hydrogen. AREVA is a global supplier of nuclear reactors, fuel, and services covering the complete fuel cycle from mining to waste disposal and recycling. AREVA is working with Constellation Energy to bring an advanced GenIII+ reactor, the EPR, to the US and is the reference design for at least four plants currently planned in the US. AREVA also working on GenIV reactor designs including the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) for which a demonstration plant may be built at the Idaho National Laboratory (the Next Generation Nuclear Plant). Before joining AREVA he served as the U. S. Product Manager for the Very High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor for the U.S. Department of Energy. Earlier he was the manager of systems planning for the Florida Power and Light Company. Dr. Southworth has a Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering Sciences from the University of Florida.

Renzo TavoniRenzo Tavoni, Italy

Former Advisor, ENEA, Italian National agency for new technologies, Energy and sustainable economic development

Renzo Tavoni holds a degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Bologna. He worked for ENEA, the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, from 1961 to 2003. During this period he held different positions: researcher in the field of fast reactor physics, chief of the safety laboratory for studying the operational and accidental behaviour of a fast reactor power plant, chief of the neutronics and core dynamics laboratory with the main task of the PEC nuclear reactor core design, responsible for the project “PEC job orders”. Main duties included supervising the supply of the core and shieldings designs of all buildings and the sodium tests, responsible for the lnnovative Reactor Division, advisor to the Energy Department Director for nuclear fission safety. From 1997 to 2001 he was director of Eco-Sustainable Energetic Systems, that includes nuclear fission safety as a part of its activity, and from 2001 to 2003 he was advisor to the ENEA General Director as a member of the “Senior Board”. From 2001 to 2003 he also was member of the board of directors of the SIET S.p.A, Italy and from 2003 to 2006 he was consultant as an expert of the European Commission for the selection of nuclear projects to be financed.

Andrej TrkovAndrej Trkov, Slovenjia

Reactor Physics Division R-1 of the Institute Jozef Stefan

Andrej Trkov is a Scientific Councilor and the Head of the Reactor physics Division of the Jozef Stefan Institute in Ljubljana, Slovenia. His main interests are in reactor calculations, including the development of software for nuclear core design calculations for light water reactors. Andrej’s specialty are nuclear reaction data, including evaluation, processing for applications and validation. From 2000 to 2006 he served as the Deputy Section Head in the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). He is also an Assistant Professor, lecturing on topics related to Ractor Physics at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics of the University of Ljubljana and the Faculty of Energy Technology of the University of Maribor. Reactor Physics Division of the Jozef Stefan Institute provides various services to the Krsko Nuclear Power Plant (nuclear core design verification, software for on-line and off-line reactor core monitoring, etc.), and to the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration.

Harri TuomistoHarri Tuomisto, Finland

Leader of Nuclear Safety Oversight, Fortum Power

Dr. Harri Tuomisto is currently Leader of Nuclear Safety Oversight at Fortum Corporation. Fortum is a Nordic energy company owning and also operating nuclear assets in Finland and Sweden. Earlier Dr. Tuomisto has been the head of nuclear development and of nuclear engineering. He has more than thirty years’ career in nuclear engineering, thermal hydraulics and safety research, particularly supporting the Loviisa nuclear power plant. Particularly, he lead planning and design of the comprehensive severe accident management program that was implemented at the Loviisa units. Dr. Tuomisto has also been engaged in many international efforts promoting and supporting the safe operation of nuclear power plants.

Bob van der ZwaanBob van der Zwaan, The Netherlands

ECN (Research Public) senior researcher at the Policy Studies department of the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) and senior scientist with the Earth Institute (Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy) of Columbia University in New York

Bob van der Zwaan is senior scientist at the Policy Studies department of the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) in Amsterdam and at Columbia University’s Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy (Earth Institute) in New York, and is adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Bologna. He is co-director of the International Energy Workshop (IEW), member of the Council of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and lead author for Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 4th and 5th Assessment Reports). He has been visiting professor at several universities. He was trained in economics (MPhil, 1997, University of Cambridge, King’s College), physics (PhD, 1995, CERN and University of Nijmegen; MSc, 1991, University of Utrecht) and international relations (Certificate, 1994, IUHEI, University of Geneva). His research interest covers the fields of energy and environmental economics, climate change and technological innovation. He is (co-)author of around 100 peer-reviewed scientific articles, and contributor to, or editor of, a dozen books or book chapters.

Edward WallaceEdward Wallace, US

Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs, NuScale, PBMR, TVA

Edward Wallace has 42 years of experience in the nuclear industry.

He is currently the Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs for NuScale Power, Inc, the leading developer of small, scalable, modular reactor technology. Ed has been associated with the NuScale program since mid-2010. In this capacity, he focuses on developing and obtaining US NRC design certification of the NuScale design. Ed is also responsible for the quality program operation

Prior to joining NuScale, Ed spent eight years as an executive manager for Pebble Bed Modular Reactor PTY LTD, including two years in South Africa as the General Manager- Project Management. Before his involvement with PBMR, he held senior management positions in Project Management, Contracts, Strategic Planning, Licensing, and Engineering with Exelon Nuclear, Tennessee Valley Authority, and GPU Nuclear companies. He began his career as a nuclear submarine officer in the US Navy with SRO equivalent nuclear plant operator qualifications.

Ed has a Bachelor of Science degree from the US Naval Academy and a MBA from the University of Tennessee, Chattanooga.