Short Technical Report : Biofuel technologies

Biofuels are an option for the substitution of fossil fuels in the transport sector. Despite the many technologies available for the transformation of biomass in liquid fuels, there still is a long road before becoming a sustainable and competitive alternative. Based on interviews to 15 leading international experts, this short report on biofuels – produced within the ICARUS project (‘Innovation for Climate chAnge mitigation: a study of energy R&d, its Uncertain effectiveness and Spillovers’) – preliminarily presents the potential of this technology.